"Our problems are man-made, therefore they may be solved by man." (J. F. Kennedy)


Each country is represented by a certain number of students that ought to prepare two draft resolutions (one for each topic). The delegates will represent a country which is not their own. Country assignment, when possible, will be done according to your preferences, though.


On the first day of the model one member of each delegation representing a country is expected to deliver a short speech (max 2 minutes). The speech does not necessarily have to be related to the topics on the agenda: the occasion can be used also as a forum to voice other concerns on any particular issue your country is interested in.


Each delegation should bring a written resolution on each topic on the agenda, although this is not mandatory. If you don't have a resolution you'll work on the document of other delegations. If you have written a draft resolution you will try to convince other countries to support it. However, you must be open to suggestions and ready to negotiate. Several proposals can be united, amended and integrated into a single document. Sometimes this is necessary because only if a proposal is supported (signed) by certain number of countries, it can be brought up for discussion and voting in the general assembly the next day. Working in committees will give a direct experience of negotiating and lobbying.


Rules for debate:

1. A delegate can speak (have the floor] only after having been recognized by the Chair. To be recognized by the chair the delegate must raise the placard with the name of her/his country

2. When a delegate has the floor she/he cannot be interrupted

3. When her/his speech is over, the chair will ask if he/she wants to answer "points of information" from the "floor" (other delegates). The delegate who has the floor may accept or decline

4. After points of information the chair (depending on how much time is left) will allow a few replies (right of reply)

5. There is no right of reply to a right of reply

Order of debate:

1. The chair invites delegate to read operative clauses of the resolution

2. If amendments have been suggested they are treated as subsidiary motions (debated and voted before the main one). Voting procedure on amendments is by raising placards

3. The chair opens the list of speakers in favour of the resolution

4. The chair opens the fist of speakers against the resolution

5. Resolution is voted on a roll-call voting procedure: the chair calls out the name of countries in alphabetical order, delegate replies Ay/Nay/Abstain or Pass

6. The chair informs the assembly of the result (the motion has passed or failed)

7. The chair invites some delegates to explain their vote

Points that can be raised:

1. point of information (when a delegate wants to ask a question to another delegate that has the floor after he/she has finished his/her speech)

2. right of reply (when a delegate wants to reply to something that another delegate has said, especially if she/he feels that her/his country has been attacked or offended)

3. point of personal privilege (when a delegate is in a situation of personal discomfort, for example wants to ask a speaker to speak more clearly, loudly, etc. or is not feeling well, wants a window to be opened because it's too hot, etc.)

4. point of order (when a delegate thinks the proper procedure is not being applied by the chair or asks for a change in the order of debate)


If your resolution has been signed by a sufficient number of countries and is brought up for debate and voting in the General Assembly, you must be prepared to defend it with a short speech. If you have only signed the resolution you can also make a short speech to support it. The Chair will allow two or three speeches against the resolution as well. In case you have not sponsored the resolution because you think it is against the interests of your country, you may ask to be put in the list of speakers against the resolution.


During the General Assembly (see "order of debate") you can communicate with other delegations by sending them notes through "pages", students that will be standing around wearing a badge that says "page".


Because of the solemnity of the occasion and to help you get into the spirit of the event, at the Opening Ceremony and during General Assembly you will have to follow a formal dress code: no jeans, no trainers, no boots, etc., but a jacket and possibly a tie for boys, a skirt or pants and a jacket for girls. At some conferences wearing the national costume of the country you represent is also encouraged. Pictures of your country's leader or any other "visual aid", such as badges, flags, etc. are sometimes also welcome.